Cervicitis is inflammation of the cervix that can affect almost half of all women at some time during their lives.
What Causes Cervicitis?
Causes include infections such as gonorrhea, chlamydia, and trichomoniasis. Infections with viruses such as herpes simplex virus (HSV) or human papillomavirus (HPV). Bacteria such as staphylococcus and streptococcus are other causes. Sometimes a foreign body such as an intrauterine device (IUD) or a forgotten tampon, diaphragm, or pessary can lead to cervicitis. Other risk factors include being age, sexual behaviour or a history of sexually transmitted disease.
Symptoms of Cervicitis?
Cervicitis may not cause symptoms and may be found only during a routine gynecological examination. Some women can have increased yellow or cream-colored vaginal discharge. Also, very slight vaginal bleeding may occur, as a pinkish or brownish discharge. Pain in the vagina or during sex may occur. If cervicitis is caused by chlamydia or gonorrhea and the infection spreads to fallopian tubes, pelvic pain and infertility can result. Itching, irritation, and increased vaginal discharge can occur if Trichomonas is the cause. Herpes simplex virus may cause symptoms only if the infection is outside the body, on the vulva.
How Is Cervicitis Diagnosed?
A pelvic examination and pathology of a blood sample and/or swab from the cervix can confirm a diagnosis of Cervicitis.
There are a few treatments offered based on the cause of cervicitis. It is always best to seek professional help.